Mussoorie is a hill station located at the foothill of the Garwal Himalayan Range. This hill station has that charm of whispering romance between lust green hills and deep blue sky.
Mussoorie is positioned in the Dehradun District of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. From Dehradun, it takes about one hour (35 kilometres) to reach Mussoorie. Distance of this hill station is approximately 300 kilometres from national capital of New Delhi. ‘Greater Mussoorie' encompasses the adjoining town Langdour which houses a military cantonment.
As professed by the British, Mussoorie is “The Queen of Hills” and once one beholds its majestic beauty, there is no other option but to agree with this. Average altitude of this hill station is nearly 1,880 metres. The highest point of Mussoorie is the LalTibba which is at a height of over 2,275 metres. Sparkling view of slopping Doon Valley and snow-cladded Shivalik range is something to cherish forever. Spreading over a stretch of 19 kilometres, one end of Mussoorie gives the view of holy Ganga River and other end gives a glimpse of Jamuna River.
Unlike Shimla or Nainital, Mussoorie was never officially declared as the summer capital by respective government of that time but it was hard for anyone to ignore its call to fell the beauty of the Garwal Himalaya range infused with fresh air from the valley.
Founder of Mussoorie was Lt. Frederick Young of East India Company. Smitten by the beauty of this place, he decided to build a hunting lodge on the Camel's back Road with assistance from F J Shore, the Joint Magistrate of Doon in 1823 and thus Mussoorie started its journey as a hill station.
Besides its enthralling beauty, Mussoorieis home to many exotic flora and fauna. The place derived its name from the shrub ‘mansoor' which is indegennous to this hilly area. Local people often mention this town as “Mansoori”. Whenever you come to Mussoorie, you are bound to fall in love with this hill station.